Personality Disorders Foundation Bibliography: Psychotherapy Research

The following resources on personality disorders focus specifically on psychotherapy research published since 1997. This portion of the bibliography was compiled by the former Personality Disorders Foundation.

Psychotherapy Research

Alden LE, Laposa JM, Taylor CT, & Ryder AG. Avoidant personality disorder: Current status and future directions. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2002 Feb;16(1):1-29.

Arntz A. Do personality disorders exist? On the validity of the concept and its cognitive-behavioral formulation and treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1999 Jul;37 Suppl 1:S97-134. Review.

Barber JP, & Foltz C. Issues in research on short-term dynamic psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology Review. 1999 Sep;19(6):659-67.

Bateman A, & Fonagy P. Effectiveness of partial hospitalization in the treatment of borderline personality disorder: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 Oct;156(10):1563-9.

Bateman A, & Fonagy P. Treatment of borderline personality disorder with psychoanalytically oriented partial hospitalization: An 18-month follow-up. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2001 Jan;158(1):36-42.

Bateman AW, & Fonagy P. Effectiveness of psychotherapeutic treatment of personality disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 Aug;177:138-43.

Beck JS. Complex cognitive therapy treatment for personality disorder patients. Bulletin of Menninger Clinic. 1998 Spring;62(2):170-94.

Bender DS, Dolan RT, Skodol AE, et al. Treatment utilization by patients with personality disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2001 Feb;158(2):295-302.

Benjamin LS. Special feature: Personality disorders: Models for treatment and strategies for treatment development. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1997 Winter;11(4):307-24. Review.

Black DW, Monahan P, Baumgard CH, & Bell SE. Predictors of long-term outcome in 45 men with antisocial personality disorder. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry. 1997 Dec;9(4):211-7.

Bohus M, Haaf B, Stiglmayr C, et al. Evaluation of inpatient dialectical-behavioral therapy for borderline personality disorder--A prospective study. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2000 Sep;38(9):875-87.

Bond M, Banon E, & Grenier M. Differential effects of interventions on the therapeutic alliance with patients with personality disorders. Journal of Psychotherapy: Practice and Research. 1998 Fall;7(4):301-18.

Brooner RK, Kidorf M, King VL, & Stoller K. Preliminary evidence of good treatment response in antisocial drug abusers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1998 Feb 1;49(3):249-60.

Chiesa M, & Fonagy P. Psychosocial treatment for severe personality disorder. 36-month follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2003 Oct;183:356-62.

Chiesa M, & Fonagy P. Cassel Personality Disorder Study. Methodology and treatment effects. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 May;176:485-91.

Cloitre M, & Koenen KC. The impact of borderline personality disorder on process group outcome among women with posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood abuse. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy. 2001 Jul;51(3):379-398.

Crits-Christoph P, Connolly MB, Gallop R, et al. Early improvement during manual-guided cognitive and dynamic psychotherapies predicts 16-week remission status. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research. 2001 Summer;10(3):145-54.

Davies S, & Campling P. Therapeutic community treatment of personality disorder: Service use and mortality over 3 years' follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry Suppl. 2003 Jan;44:S24-7.

Diamond D, Stovall-McClough C, Clarkin JF, & Levy KN. Patient-therapist attachment in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 2003 Summer;67(3):227-59.

Dolan M, Deakin WJ, Roberts N, & Anderson I. Serotonergic and cognitive impairment in impulsive aggressive personality disordered offenders: Are there implications for treatment? Psychological Medicine. 2002 Jan;32(1):105-17.

Dunayevich E, Sax KW, Keck PE Jr, et al. Twelve-month outcome in bipolar patients with and without personality disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2000 Feb;61(2):134-9.

Evans K, Tyrer P, Catalan J, et al. Manual-assisted cognitive-behaviour therapy (MACT): A randomized controlled trial of a brief intervention with bibliotherapy in the treatment of recurrent deliberate self-harm. Psychological Medicine. 1999 Jan;29(1):19-25.

Evershed S, Tennant A, Boomer D, et al. Practice-based outcomes of dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) targeting anger and violence, with male forensic patients: A pragmatic and non-contemporaneous comparison. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. 2003;13(3):198-213.

Feeny NC, Zoellner LA, & Foa EB. Treatment outcome for chronic PTSD among female assault victims with borderline personality characteristics: A preliminary examination. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2002 Feb;16(1):30-40.

Gabbard GO. Empirical evidence and psychotherapy: A growing scientific base. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2001 Jan:158(1):1-3. Editorial.

Gabbard GO. Psychodynamic psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder: A contemporary approach. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 2001 Winter;65(1):41-57. Review.

Gabbard GO. Psychotherapy of personality disorders. Journal of Psychotherapy: Practice and Research. 2000 Winter;9(1):1-6. Review.

Gabbard GO, Coyne L, Allen G, et al. Evaluation of intensive inpatient treatment of patients with severe personality disorders. Psychiatric Services. 2000 Jul;51(7):893-8.

Gude T, & Vaglum P. One-year follow-up of patients with cluster C personality disorders: A prospective study comparing patients with "pure" and comorbid conditions within cluster C, and "pure" C with "pure" cluster A or B conditions. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2001 Jun;15(3):216-28.

Hoffman PD, Fruzzetti AE, & Swenson CR. Dialectical behavior therapy-family skills training. Family Process. 1999 Winter;38(4):399-414.

Haller DL, Knisely JS, Elswick RK, et al. Perinatal substance abusers: Factors influencing treatment retention. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1997 Nov-Dec;14(6):513-19.

Hoffart A, & Sexton H. The role of optimism in the process of schema-focused cognitive therapy of personality problems. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2002 Jun;40(6):611-23.

Karterud S, Pedersen G, Bjordal E, Brabrand J, et al. Day treatment of patients with personality disorders: Experiences from a Norwegian treatment research network. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Jun;17(3):243-62.

Kazdin AE, & Whitley MK. Treatment of parental stress to enhance therapeutic change among children referred for aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2003 Jun;71(3):504-15.

Kern RS, Kuehnel TG, Teuber J, & Hayden JL. Multimodal cognitive-behavior therapy for borderline personality disorder with self-injurious behavior. Psychiatric Services. 1997 Sep;48(9):1131-3.

Koerner K, & Linehan MM. Research on dialectical behavior therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2000 Mar;23(1):151-67. Review.

Kool S, Dekker J, Duijsens IJ, de Jonghe F, & Puite B. Efficacy of combined therapy and pharmacotherapy for depressed patients with or without personality disorders. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 2003 May-Jun;11(3):133-41.

Kool S, Dekker J, Duijsens IJ, de Jonghe F, & Puite B. Changes in personality pathology after pharmacotherapy and combined therapy for depressed patients. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Feb;17(1):60-72.

Kraus G, & Reynolds DJ. The "A-B-C's" of the cluster B's: Identifying, understanding, and treating cluster B personality disorders. Clinical Psychology Review. 2001 Apr;21(3):345-73. Review.

Kuyken W, Kurzer N, DeRubeis RJ, et al. Response to cognitive therapy in depression: The role of maladaptive beliefs and personality disorders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2001 Jun;69(3):560-6.

Leichsenring F, & Leibing E. The effectiveness of psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of personality disorders: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2003 Jul;160(7):1223-32.

Linehan MM. Behavioral treatments of suicidal behaviors. Definitional obfuscation and treatment outcomes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1997 Dec 29;836:302-28. Review.

Linehan MM. Special feature: Theory and treatment development and evaluation: Reflections on Benjamin's "models for treatment". Journal of Personality Disorders. 1997 Winter;l 1(4):325-35.

Linehan MM, Dimeff LA, Reynolds SK, et al. Dialectical behavior therapy versus comprehensive validation therapy plus 12-step for the treatment of opioid dependent women meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2002 Jun 1;67(1):13-26.

Linehan MM, Schmidt H 3rd, Dimeff LA, et al. Dialectical behavior therapy for patients with borderline personality disorder and drug dependence. American Journal on Addictions. 1999 Fall;8(4):279-92.

Links PS, & Heslegrave RJ. Prospective studies of outcome. Understanding mechanisms of change in patients with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2000 Mar;23(1):137-150. Review.

Links PS, Heslegrave R, & van Reekum R. Prospective follow-up study of borderline personality disorder: Prognosis, prediction of outcome, and Axis II comorbidity. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1998 Apr;43(3):265-70.

Massion AO, Dyck IR, Shea MT, & Phillips KA. Personality disorders and time to remission in generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2002 May;59(5):434-40.

McMain S, Korman LM, & Dimeff L. Dialectical behavior therapy and the treatment of emotion dysregulation. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2001 Feb;57(2):183-96.

Mennin DS, & Heimberg RG. The impact of comorbid mood and personality disorders in the cognitive-behavioral treatment of panic disorder. Clinical Psychology Review. 2000 Apr;20(3):339-57. Review.

Messina N, Farabee D, & Rawson R. Treatment responsivity of cocaine-dependent patients with antisocial personality disorder to cognitive-behavioral and contingency management interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2003 Apr;71(2):320-9.

Novacek J, & Raskin R. Recognition of warning signs: A consideration for cost-effective treatment of severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services. 1998 Mar;49(3):376-8.

Ogrodniczuk JS, & Piper WE. Use of transference interpretations in dynamically oriented individual psychotherapy for patients with personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1999 Winter;13(4):297-311. Review.

Ogrodniczuk JS, Piper WE, Joyce AS, & McCallum M. Using DSM axis II information to predict outcome in short-term individual psychotherapy. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2001 Apr;15(2):110-22.

O'Leary D, & Costello F. Personality and outcome in depression: An 18-month prospective follow-up study. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2001 Mar;63(1-3):67-78.

Paris J. Half in love with easeful death: The meaning of chronic suicidality in borderline personality disorder. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 2004 Jan-Feb;12(1):42-8.

Paris W, & Calhoun-Wilson G. Personality disorders and their effect on medical treatment. Nephrology News and Issues. 2000 Oct;14(11):31-4.

Perry JC, Banon E, & Ianni F. Effectiveness of psychotherapy for personality disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 Sep;156(9):1312-21. Review.

Perseius KI, Ojehagen A, Ekdahl S, Asberg M, & Samuelsson M. Treatment of suicidal and deliberate self-harming patients with borderline personality disorder using dialectical behavioral therapy: The patients' and the therapists' perceptions. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 2003 Oct;17(5):218-27.

Phillips KA, Shea MT, Warshaw M, et al. The relationship between comorbid personality disorders and treatment received in patients with anxiety disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2001 Apr;15(2):157-67.

Piper WE, & Ogrodniczuk JS. Psychotherapy of personality disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2001 Feb;3(1):59-63.

Reisch T, Thommen M, Tschacher W, & Hirsbrunner HP. Outcomes of a cognitive-behavioral day treatment program for a heterogeneous patient group. Psychiatric Services. 2001 Jul;52(7):970-2.

Roozen HG, Kerkhof AJ, & van den Brink W. Experiences with an outpatient relapse program (community reinforcement approach) combined with naltrexone in the treatment of opioid-dependence: Effect on addictive behaviors and the predictive value of psychiatric comorbidity. European Addiction Research. 2003 Apr;9(2):53-8.

Salekin RT. Psychopathy and therapeutic pessimism. Clinical lore or clinical reality? Clinical Psychology Review. 2002 Feb;22(1):79-112. Review.

Sanislow CA, & McGlashan TH. Treatment outcome of personality disorders. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1998 Apr;43(3):237-50. Review.

Scheel, KR. The empirical basis of dialectical behavior therapy: Summary, critique, and implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. 2000 7:68-86. Review.

Shea MT, Benjamin LS, Clarkin JF, et al. Personality disorders: A discussion of current status and future directions for research, practice, and policy. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1999 Nov;55(11):1371-84.

Simpson EB, Pistorello J, Begin A, et al. Use of dialectical behavior therapy in a partial hospital program for women with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Services. 1998 May;49(5):669-73.

Stone MH. Clinical guidelines for psychotherapy for patients with borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2000 Mar;23(1):193-210, ix. Review.

Svanborg P, Gustavsson, & Weinryb RM. What patient characteristics make therapists recommend psychodynamic psychotherapy or other treatment forms? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 1999 Feb;99(2):87-94.

Target M. Outcome research on the psychosocial treatment of personality disorders. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic. 1998 Spring;62(2):215-30. Review.

Temple N, Patrick M, Evans M, et al. Interpretive group psychotherapy and dependent day hospital patients: A preliminary investigation. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 1997 Summer;43(2):116-28.

Teusch L, Bohme H, Finke J, & Gastpar M. Effects of client-centered psychotherapy for personality disorders alone and in combination with psychopharmacological treatment. An empirical follow-up study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomotics. 2001 Nov-Dec;70(6):328-36.

Valliant PM, Hawkins TJ, & Pottier DC. Comparison of psychopathic and general offenders in cognitive behavioral therapy. Psychological Reports. 1998 Jun;82(3 Pt 1):753-4.

Verheul R, Van Den Bosch LM, Koeter MW, De Ridder MA, Stijnen T, & Van Den Brink W. Dialectical behaviour therapy for women with borderline personality disorder: 12-month, randomised clinical trial in The Netherlands. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2003 Feb;182:135-40.

Viinamaki H, Hintikka J, Honkalampi K, et al. Cluster C personality disorder impedes alleviation of symptoms in major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2002 Sep;71(1-3):35-41.

Weissman MM. Interpersonal psychotherapy: Current status. Keio Journal of Medicine. 1997 Sep;46(3): 105-10. Review.

Wilberg T, Karterud S, Pedersen G, Urnes O, et al. Outpatient group psychotherapy following day treatment for patients with personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Dec;17(6):510-21.

Wilberg T, Urnes O, Friis S, et al. One-year follow-up of day treatment for poorly functioning patients with personality disorders. Psychiatric Services. 1999 Oct;50(10):1326-30.

Wildgoose A, Waller G, Clarke S, & Reid A. Psychiatric symptomatology in borderline and other personality disorders: Dissociation and fragmentation as mediators. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 2000 Nov;188(11):757-63.

Wilkinson-Ryan T, & Westen D. Identity disturbance in borderline personality disorder: An empirical investigation. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;157(4):528-41.


This page was last reviewed by Dr Greg Mulhauser, Thursday, 14 October 2021.