Personality Disorders Foundation Bibliography: Prevalence and Epidemiology

The following resources on personality disorders focus specifically on prevalence and epidemiology research published since 1997. This portion of the bibliography was compiled by the former Personality Disorders Foundation. Hyperlinks for some authors' names lead to the relevant abstract in the PubMed Database of the National Library of Medicine.

Prevalence and Epidemiology

Ahlmeyer S, Kleinsasser D, Stoner J, & Retzlaff P. Psychopathology of incarcerated sex offenders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Aug;17(4):306-18.

Anderson KG, Sankis LM, & Widiger TA. Pathology versus statistical infrequency: Potential sources of gender bias in personality disorder criteria. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 2001. Oct;189(10):661-8.

Barzega G, Maina G, Venturello S, & Bogetto F. Gender-related distribution of personality disorders in a sample of patients with panic disorder. European Psychiatry. 2001 Apr;16(3):173-9.

Brennan PA, Mednick SA, & Hodgins S. Major mental disorders and criminal violence in a Danish birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2000 May;57(5):494-500.

Cale EM, & Lilienfeld SO. Sex differences in psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder. A review and integration. Clinical Psychology Review. 2002 Nov;22(8):1179-207. Review.

Camus V, de Mendonca Lima CA, Gaillard M, et al. Are personality disorders more frequent in early onset geriatric depression? Journal of Affective Disorders. 1997 Dec;46(3):297-302.

Carter JD, Joyce PR, Mulder RT, et al. Gender differences in the frequency of personality disorders in depressed outpatients. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1999 Spring;13(1):67-74.

Cecero JJ, Ball SA, Tennen H, et al. Concurrent and predictive validity of antisocial personality disorder subtyping among substance abusers. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 1999 Aug;187(8):478-86.

Coid J, Kahtan N, Gault S, & Jarman B. Patients with personality disorder admitted to secure forensic psychiatry services. British Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 Dec;175:528-36.

Devanand DP, Turret N, Moody BJ, et al. Personality disorders in elderly patients with dysthymic disorder. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2000 Summer;8(3):188-95.

Engels GI, Duijsens IJ, Haringsma R, & van Putten CM. Personality disorders in the elderly compared to four younger age groups: A cross-sectional study of community residents and mental health patients. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Oct;17(5):447-59.

Fossati A, Madeddu F, & Maffei C. Borderline Personality Disorder and childhood sexual abuse: A meta-analytic study. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1999 Fall;13(3):268-80.

Funtowicz MN, & Widiger TA. Sex bias in the diagnosis of personality disorders: An evaluation of the DSM-IV criteria. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1999 May;108(2):195-201.

Hibbard MR, Bogdany J, Uysal S, et al. Axis II psychopathology in individuals with traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury. 2000 14(1):45-61.

Howell AJ, & Watson DC. Perceived dysfunction of male-typed and female-typed DSM-IV personality disorder criteria. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2002 Dec;16(6):536-48.

Iwamasa GY, Larrabee AL, & Merritt RD. Are personality disorder criteria ethnically biased? A card-sort analysis. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology. 2000. Aug;6(3):284-96.

Jackson HJ, & Burgess PM. Personality disorders in the community: Results from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing Part II. Relationships between personality disorder, Axis I mental disorders and physical conditions with disability and health consultations. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2002. Jun;37(6):251-60.

Keown P, Holloway F, & Kuipers E. The prevalence of personality disorders, psychotic disorders and affective disorders amongst the patients seen by a community mental health team in London. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2002 May;37(5):225-9.

Mataix-Cols D, Baer L, Rauch SL, & Jenike MA. Relation of factor-analyzed symptom dimensions of obsessive-compulsive disorder to personality disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2000 Sep;102(3):199-202.

Moran P. The epidemiology of antisocial personality disorder. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 1999 May;34(5):231-42. Review.

Moutier CY, & Stein MB. The history, epidemiology, and differential diagnosis of social anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 1999;60 Suppl 9:4-8. Review.

Nadeau L, Landry M, & Racine S. Prevalence of personality disorders among clients in treatment for addiction. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 Aug;44(6):592-6. Review.

Paris J. Gender differences in personality traits and disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2004 Feb;6(1):71-4.

Paris J. Personality disorders in sociocultural perspective. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1998 Winter;12(4):289-301.

Pettinati HM, Pierce JD Jr, Belden PP, & Meyers K. The relationship of Axis II personality disorders to other known predictors of addiction treatment outcome. American Journal on Addictions. 1999 Spring;8(2):136-47.

Poling J, Rounsaville BJ, Ball S, et al. Rates of personality disorders in substance abusers: A comparison between DSM-III-R and DSM-IV. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1999 Winter;13(4):375-84.

Posternak MA, & Zimmerman M. The prevalence of atypical features across mood, anxiety, and personality disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2002. Jul-Aug;43(4):253-62.

Rodriguez Solano JJ, & Gonzalez De Chavez M. Premorbid personality disorders in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. 2000 Aug 3;44(2):137-44.

Samuels J, Eaton WW, Bienvenu OJ 3rd, & Brown CH. Prevalence and correlates of personality disorders in a community sample. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2002 Jun;180:536-42.

Sater N, Samuels JF, Bienvenu OJ, & Nestadt G. Epidemiology of personality disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2001 Feb;3(1):41-5.

Soloff PH, Lynch KG, Kelly TM, et al. Characteristics of suicide attempts of patients with major depressive episode and borderline personality disorder: A comparative study. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000 Apr;157(4):601-8.

Starcevic V, Bogojevic G, & Marinkovic J. The SCL-90-R as a screening instrument for severe personality disturbance among outpatients with mood and anxiety disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2000 Fall;14(3):199-207.

Tenney NH, Schotte CK, Denys DA, van Megen HJ, & Westenberg HG. Assessment of DSM-IV personality disorders in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Comparison of clinical diagnosis, self-report questionnaire, and semi-structured interview. Journal of Personality Disorders. 2003 Dec;17(6):550-61.

Torgersen S, Kringlen E, & Cramer V. The prevalence of personality disorders in a community sample. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2001 Jun;58(6):590-6.

van Hanswijck de Jonge P, Van Furth EF, Lacey JH, & Waller G. The prevalence of DSM-IV personality pathology among individuals with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and obesity. Psychological Medicine. 2003 Oct;33(7):1311-7.

Verheul R, Hartgers C, Van den Brink W, & Koeter MW. The effect of sampling, diagnostic criteria and assessment procedures on the observed prevalence of DSM-III-R personality disorders among treated alcoholics. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1998 Mar;59(2):227-36.

Widiger TA. Invited essay: Sex biases in the diagnosis of personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1998 Summer;12(2):95-118.

Zlotnick C. Antisocial personality disorder, affect dysregulation and childhood abuse among incarcerated women. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1999 Spring;13(1):90-5.



This page was last reviewed by Dr Greg Mulhauser, Thursday, 14 October 2021.